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Nutrition is employed to review the Physical and Chemical structure of nutrients and alternative substances in food in regard to growth maintenance, copy, health Associate in Nursingd malady of an organism. Nutrition studies the interactions between living organisms and food. Nutrients are substances in food needed by the body for growth, energy, maintenance, and repair. The Health selection Movement is that the world movement regarding the proper to understand what's going into our bodies and having the liberty to form that selection. Exercise, healthy living practices, and different medical treatments also are usually adopted by Health selection.
In nutrition, diet is that the total of food consumed by someone or alternative organism. The word diet usually implies the employment of specific intake of nutrition for health or weight-management reasons (with the 2 usually being related). Though humans are omnivores, every culture and every person holds some food preferences or some food taboos. This could flow from to private tastes or moral reasons. Individual dietary selections are also additional or less healthy.
Food science is used to study physical, biological, and chemical makeup of food, and the concepts underlying food processing. Food technology is one of the applications of food science to the, preservation, processing, packaging, distribution, selection and use of safe food.
Food technology is the application of food science to the selection, preservation, processing, packaging, distribution, and use of safe food. Related fields include analytical chemistry, biotechnology, engineering, nutrition, quality control, and food safety management.
Nutritional science (also nutrition science, sometimes short nutrition, dated trophology) is the science that studies the physiological process of nutrition (primarily human nutrition), interpreting the nutrients and other substances in food in relation to maintenance, growth, reproduction, health and disease of an organism. Nutrition science is a field that continues to evolve. With developments in research and dietetic practice, health and wellness have taken on a new level of importance. More people are choosing to take charge of their health, and the need is high for healthcare providers who can help with a range of nutritional concerns. Dietitians and nutritionists are influential in motivating people to exercise and incorporate healthy foods into their diets.
Diet plays a very crucial role in controlling and managing various diseases, especially lifestyle diseases like diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and obesity. This therapy where diet has a major role to play is known as Nutritional Therapy. Various nutrients and food components influence the functioning of the body, protect it against numerous diseases, restore health and also determine people's response to changes in the environment. Diet plays a very crucial role in controlling and managing various diseases, especially lifestyle diseases like diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and obesity. This therapy where diet has a major role to play is known as Nutritional Therapy. It is an approach to maximizing health potential through dietary tweaks and lifestyle changes. The concept of Nutritional Therapy promotes the therapeutic effects of particular foods for specific health conditions.
Nutrients interact with the human genome to modulate molecular pathways that may become disrupted, resulting in an increased risk of developing various chronic diseases. Genetic polymorphisms affect the metabolism of dietary factors, which in turn affects the expression of genes involved in a number of important metabolic processes. Genetic polymorphisms affecting nutrient metabolism may explain some of the inconsistencies among epidemiological studies relating diet to chronic diseases such as cancer, diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, osteoporosis and cardiovascular disease.
Nutrigenomics (also known as nutritional genomics) is broadly defined as the relationship between nutrients, diet, and gene expression. The launch of the Human Genome Project in the 1990s and the subsequent mapping of human DNA sequencing ushered in the ‘era of big science’, jump-starting the field of nutrigenomics that we know today.
The Nutritional Epidemiology specialization provides rigorous training in the biological aspects of nutrition, epidemiology, biostatistics, and select related disciplines. The overall objective is to enable students to investigate relationships between diet and disease. This area of specialization is offered for the PhD in Population Health Sciences program. The program includes the following components: formal coursework; seminars; qualifying exams; and a dissertation.
Nutritional neuroscience is the scientific discipline that studies the effects various components of the diet such as minerals, vitamins, protein, carbohydrates, fats, dietary supplements, synthetic hormones, and food additives have on neurochemistry, neurobiology, behavior, and cognition. Recent research on nutritional mechanisms and their effect on the brain show they are involved in almost every facet of neurological functioning including alterations in neurogenesis, neurotrophic factors, neural pathways and neuroplasticity, throughout the life cycle.
Eating disorders are serious mental health disorders. They involve severe problems with your thoughts about food and your eating behaviors. You may eat much less or much more than you need. Eating disorders are medical conditions; they are not a lifestyle choice. They affect your body's ability to get proper nutrition. This can lead to health issues, such as heart and kidney problems, or sometimes even death. But there are treatments that can help.
- Pro-ana subculture
Nutrition is critical to immune defence and resistance to pathogens, with consequences that affect the health, welfare, and reproductive success of individual organisms and also has profound ecological and evolutionary implications. In humans, under-nutrition, notably of protein, is a major contributor to morbidity and mortality due to infectious diseases, particularly in the developing world. Likewise, over-nutrition and its associated metabolic disorders may impair immune function, disrupt the relationship with symbiotic and commensal microbiota, and increase susceptibility to infectious disease. Despite the undoubted importance of nutrition to immune defence, the challenge remains to capture the complexity of this relationship. There are three main aspects to this complexity: (i) nutrition is a complex multi-dimensional problem for hosts, pathogens, and commensals; (ii) host immunity is a complex, multi-dimensional trait; and (iii) nutrition and immunity interact via multiple direct and indirect pathways, including involvement of the host's microbiota.
Nutraceutical is a substance that may be considered a food or part of a food which provides medical or health benefits, encompassing prevention and treatment of disease. Products as diverse as isolated nutrients, dietary supplements and diets to genetically engineered “designer” foods, herbal products, and processed foods (cereals, soups, beverages) may be included under the umbrella of nutraceuticals.
Medicinal Foods as Potential Therapies for Type-2 Diabetes and Associated Diseases: The Chemical and Pharmacological Basis of their Action focuses on active pharmacological principles that modulate diabetes, associated risk factors, complications and the mechanism of action of widely used anti-diabetic herbal plants—rather than just the nutritional composition of certain foods.
- Reduce high blood pressure
- Lower high cholesterol
- Improve your well-being
- Improve your ability to fight off illness
Plant nutrition is the study of the chemical elements that are necessary for plant growth. There are several principles that apply to plant nutrition. Some elements are directly involved in plant metabolism. However, this principle does not account for the so-called beneficial elements, whose presence, while not required, has clear positive effects on plant growth.
Animal nutrition focuses on the dietary nutrients needs of animals, often in comparison (or contrast) to other organisms like plants. Carnivore and herbivore diets are contrasting, with basic nitrogen and carbon proportions vary for their particular foods. Many herbivores rely on bacterial fermentation to create digestible nutrients from indigestible plant cellulose, while obligate carnivores must eat animal meats to obtain certain vitamins or nutrients their bodies cannot otherwise synthesize. Animals generally have a higher requirement of energy in comparison to plants.
- Dietary nutrients
Recent advances in agricultural biotechnology have highlighted the need for experimental evidence and sound scientific judgment to assess the benefits and risks to society. Nutrition scientists and other animal biologists need a balanced understanding of the issues to participate in this assessment. To date most modifications to crop plants have benefited producers. Crops have been engineered to decrease pesticide and herbicide usage, protect against stressors, enhance yields and extend shelf life.